Sunday, July 19, 2009

Manuc's Inn


The inn was built in 1808, and originally owned by a wealthy and flamboyant Armenian, Emanuel M├órzaian, better known as Manuc-bei. Manuc is not a Turkish name(as I thought), but it is formed from Armenian word “Manuc + bei”.In Armenian language Manuc's meaning is “child” for example “Manuci zhepit” (child’s smile),

Manuc is original Armenian male first name.Also “bei” or “beyg” this was aristocratic title in Moslem countries.

Although Manuc's Inn has been subject to restorations its essential structure remains intact; of the three surviving 19th century inns in the Lipscani district, it is the only one currently in use as a hotel.

The inn was the site of the preliminary talks for the Treaty of Bucharest, which put an end to the 1806–1812 Russian-Turkish war. In 1842 it briefly housed Bucharest's town hall. Around 1880 a hall at the inn aws used as a theatre, and was the site of the first Romanian operetta performance.

Before Romania entered World War I, in 1914–1916, the hall "Sala Dacia" hosted meetings of the Wallachian pro-war party seeking to establish a Greater Romania by uniting the Kingdom of Romania with Transylvania and Bukovina.

I want to thank my friend Alex from for his information about the ethymology of the word.

There is also a folk song about this place. Even though it is in Romanian I hope you would like it.






Folklore around the world

My first post is a Cuban set from 2000. First stamp depicts "Rumba caliente" and the second "Cachumba", so I searched the web to find musical examples of these two.








Souvenir sheets to trade








Romanian Folk Costumes and Traditions









The following set as well as the Moldova's souvenir sheet depicts several Romanian winter traditions.

I
n Romania, the winter holiday season is truly in full-swing from December 24 to January 7. Highlights include: Christmas Day, New Year and Epiphany, with their respective eves. The most important feature of these celebrations is their unique variety of colorful Romanian customs, traditions, and believes, of artistic, literary, musical, and other folklore events, which make the winter holidays some of the most original and spectacular spiritual manifestations of the Romanian people.

The Caroling
Traditionally, during the first hours after dark on Christmas' Eve is the time for children to go caroling and the adults stay home to greet them. As they go caroling from house to house, the children receive treats like candy, fruit, baked treats and sometimes even money in appreciation of their performance and as a sign of holiday good will.


The grown-ups caroling goes on Christmas evening and night. The waits -young and mature people - gather in groups and they choose a leader. When they are in the front yard of a house, they perform their repertory to the host. The songs are always accompanied by dance. When the performance is over, the host invites the carolers inside the house for food, drinks and presents.

The Star
Children make a star using colored paper and then they put in its middle an icon of Jesus. Many of children decorate their star using shiny tinsel. The “Star Carol” is a tradition during the 3 days of Romanian Christmas.

The Goat

Throughout the season, teenagers and young adults especially enjoy caroling with the “Goat”. The “Goat” is actually a usually boisterous young person dressed up in a goat costume. The whole group dances through the streets and from door to door, often with flute music. This tradition comes from the ancient Roman people and it reminds us of the celebration of the ancient Greek gods.

This custom is also called "brezaia" in Wallachia and Oltenia, because of the multicolored appearance of the goat mask. The goat jumps, jerks, turns round, and bends, clattering regularly the wooden jaws.


The small plough

Plugusorul is a small plough. In Romanian folklore is a traditional procession with a decorated plough, on New Years' Eve. This is a well wishing custom for the field fruitfulness into the new year. This custom arises from "Carmen arvale", a Roman wish for bountiful crops.

The ploughmen are teenagers and children carrying whips, bells and pipes in their hands.

Sorcova

"Sorcova" is a special bouquet used for New Year's wishes early New Year’s morning. Children wish people a “Happy New Year!” while touching them lightly with this bouquet. After they have wished a Happy New Year to the members of their family, the children go to the neighbors and relatives. Traditionally, the "Sorcova" bouquet was made up of one or several fruit - tree twigs (apple-tree, pear-tree, cherry-tree, plum-tree); all of them are put into water, in warm place, on November 30th (St. Andrew’s Day), in order to bud and to blossom on New Year's Eve.





And because any text must be followed by examples I will offer you two Romanian carolls sung by one of my favourite Romanian singers: Paula Seling